concept of morality and the criteria of legitimate argumentation an examination of some recent definitions of morality. by Eyvind Hytten

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Published in [Stockholm .

Written in English

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  • Ethics

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Book details

SeriesFilosofiska studier utg. av Filosofiska institutet vid Stockholms högskola -- häfte 3, Filosofiska studier -- häfte 3
The Physical Object
Pagination129 leaves.
Number of Pages129
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19076448M

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ETHICS AND MORALITY Category: Basic Ethical Concepts 2. Consequentialist theories on the other hand determine the value of an action on the grounds of a cost-benefit analysis of its con-sequences.

If the positive consequences out-weigh the negative ones then the action is morally proper. Virtue theories focus on a given set of Companies such as Coca-Cola, Hewlett-Packard, and Walmart support a globally based resource system called _____, which tracks emerging issues and trends, provides information on corporate leadership and best practices, conducts educational workshops and training, and assists organizations in developing practical business ethics :// The chapter argues for that there is a prima facie moral obligation to (try to) reason well.

Analyses are offered for the concept of obligation and the concept of morality to explicate what it is /_Groundwork_in_the_Theory_of_Argumentation. This book is an updated and revised edition of Fundamentals of Legal Argumentation published in It discusses new developments that have taken place in the past 15 years in research of legal Law’s Claim of Legitimate Authority KENNETH EINAR HIMMA* [Appears in Jules L.

Coleman (ed.), The Postscript: Essays on the Postscript to the Concept of Law conceptually possible for something that constitutes a legal system to have moral criteria of validity. Concept of morality and the criteria of legitimate argumentation book was the first to think deeply about this issue, and he came out long ago in ?abstractid.

Introduction to Ethics In the world today, “we are in the throes of a giant ethical leap that is essen- and emotions are a normal part of everyday life and can play a legitimate role in doing ethics. However, people sometimes allow their emotions to overtake good () delineated important features regarding the concepts morals and   it Weber supported a positivistic concept of law: law is precisely what the political legislator — whether democratic or not — enacts as law in accordance with a legally institutionalized pro- cedure.

Under this premise the form of law cannot draw its legitimating force from an alliance between law and :// The scientific field functions on the basis of an implicit ethics of argumentation that constrains participants.

6 The dynamic of argumentation is usually guided by the following sequence. First, there is a presumption in favor of known facts, that is, against the adversary of recognized ://   The words "moral" and "ethics" (and cognates) are often used interchangeably.

However, it is useful to make the following distinction: Morality is the system through which we determine right and wrong conduct -- i.e., the guide to good or right conduct. Ethics is the philosophical study of Morality.

What, then, is a moral theory?~baber/gender/   In his book review of Man, Economy, and Liberty: Essays in Honor of Murray N. Rothbard (Walter Block and Llewellyn ll, Jr., eds., Mises Institute, ), Hoppe pithily summarizes his argumentation-ethics approach (elaborated in further detail in his own chapter in the volume) as follows:   In political science, legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a s "authority" denotes a specific position in an established government, the term "legitimacy" denotes a system of government—wherein "government" denotes "sphere of influence".An authority viewed as legitimate often has the right and justification to exercise ://(political).

The legal concept of evidence is neither static nor universal. Medieval understandings of evidence in the age of trial by ordeal would be quite alien to modern sensibilities (Ho –) and there is no approach to evidence and proof that is shared by all legal systems of the world ://   International Journal of Management & Information Systems – Fourth Quarter Vol Number 5 32 ETHICAL LEADERSHIP: DEFINING THE CONSTRUCT Ethical leaders speak to us about our identity, what we are and what we can become, how we live and how we   Crane A, Matten D () Business Ethics: Managing Corporate Citizenship and Sustainability in the Age of Globalization, 2nd edn.

Oxford University Press, Oxford. DesJardins J () Business, Ethics and the Environment: Imagining a Sustainable Future. Pearson, Harlow. FAO () The Ethics of Sustainable Agricultural Intensification. FAO I bought this book expecting the quality of work Princeton University Press usually produces, and the endorsement on the back by David Estlund about his quality of argumentation was also impressive.

It turns out, though, that Brennan was right in his brief moment of humility. All of these negative qualities do apply to his own  › Books › New, Used & Rental Textbooks › Humanities. This book clarifies the meaning of the most important and pervasive concepts and tools in bioethical argumentation (principles, values, dignity, rights, duties, deliberation, prudence) and assesses the methodological suitability of the main methods for clinical decision-making and argumentation.

The first part of the book is devoted to the most   Cultural diversity is an increasingly important phenomenon that affects not only social and political harmony but also the cohesion and efficiency of organisations.

The problems that firms have with regard to managing cultural diversity have been abundantly studied in recent decades from the perspectives of management theory and moral philosophy, but there are still open questions that   Discourse Ethics: the Rules of Reason To circumscribe such discourse more carefully, Habermas takes up rules first proposed by Robert Alexy as "the Rules of Reason" (, ).

In Habermas's formulation in "Discourse Ethics," these are: 1. Every subject with the competence to speak and act is allowed to take part in a discourse. The Brain and the Meaning of Life shows how brain science helps to answer questions about the nature of mind and reality, while alleviating anxiety about the difficulty of life in a vast universe.

The book integrates decades of multidisciplinary research, but its clear explanations and humor make it accessible to the general  › Books › Politics & Social Sciences › Philosophy. Historically, frameworks impoverished by the omission of disabled people's own standpoints have supported systems and practices that patronize and thereby further oppress disabled people, even while intended to serve their supposed ophers and psychologists often omit disabled people's concerns and experiences, even when disabled people are in a position of epistemic privilege in   TWO CONCEPTS OF LIBERTY [] And yet this is in a sense both strange and dangerous.

Strange, because there has perhaps been no time in modern history when so large a number of human beings, both in the East and the West, have had their notions and indeed their lives altered, and in some cases most violently upset, by social and political Shadow Places and the Politics of Dwelling.

by Val Plumwood There is a serious problem of integrity for the leading concepts of much contemporary place discourse, especially the concept of heimat or dwelling in ‘one’s place’ or ‘homeplace’, the place of belonging. This discourse can legitimate projects of perfecting and   Morality and Law Rick Garlikov.

There are a number of issues about the relationship between morality and law in a (pluralistic, secular) democracy like the United them are whether legislation should reflect moral principles, whether judges should interpret laws in light of moral values and principles, whether laws should enforce morality, whether laws are binding if they do not Maleika is a critical thinker who has come across conflicting theories in her course of study.

To evaluate these theories and determine what is true, she plans to use the criteria established by philosophers William James and W.T. ://   In logic and philosophy, an argument is a series of statements (in a natural language), called the premises or premisses (both spellings are acceptable), intended to determine the degree of truth of another statement, the conclusion.

The logical form of an argument in a natural language can be represented in a symbolic formal language, and independently of natural language formally defined   The Honor Code discusses the definition of honor and how moral revolutions work in the past and present and foreshadows moral revolutions to come in the future.

It was an interesting read a bit repetitive at some parts, but generally eye-opening to many of the issues still happening around the world, such as honor ://   Proportionality: Challenging the critics Kai Möller state that at this stage of the proportionality test it is necessary to decide for each goal whether or not it is legitimate, and this will require a moral argument.

and the reason the defense would be on moral grounds must be precisely because proportionality is a moral :// An Argument for Terrorism.

By Richard Jackson [1]. It has become something of a cliché to note that there are over definitions of terrorism in existence within broader terrorism studies literature; that many terrorism scholars have given up on the definitional debate and use the term unreflectively; and that such a state of affairs hampers theoretical progress and skews terrorism research   The rules of Jihad The rules of Jihad In recent years the most common meaning of Jihad has been Holy War ©.

A military Jihad has to obey very strict rules in order to be   a valid criterion of justice, like all moral norms that have any pretension to normative validity, should satisfy the following norm of dialogical argumentation: “All [those] affect - ed can accept the consequences and the side effects [that] its [a proposed moral norm’s] EGS: Introduction Course aims.

This Ethics, Governance and Sustainability (EGS) course aims to provide you with an understanding of business in the social context and the impacts this has on management decision making, business strategy, and general business course critically explores the topics of business ethics, sustainable business, and corporate ://?id= Some philosophers see this as the main task of philosophy, and a few claim this is the only legitimate function of philosophy.

NATURE OF PHILOSOPHY 5. Philosophy is a group of perennial problems that interest people and for which philosophers always have sought answers. Philosophy presses its inquiry into the deepest problems of human ://   THE CONCEPT AND THE RULE OF LAW I.

INTRODUCTION The Rule of Law is one of the most important political ideals of our time.' It is one of a cluster of ideals constitutive of modern political morality, the others being human rights, democracy, and perhaps also the principles of free market economy.

Open any?article=&context=lectures. Metaphysics, branch of philosophy whose topics in antiquity and the Middle Ages were the first causes of things and the nature of being.

Later, many other topics came to be included under the heading ‘metaphysics.’ The set of problems that now make up the subject   Rethinking the ‘Just War,’ Part 2. By Jeff McMahan Novem pm Novem the subject of just war theory is not law but morality.

If the inconsistencies and absurdities I will describe were confined to the law, they would be less troubling. If it were true, the concept of war would be of the utmost practical Introductions: By far the most comprehensive introduction to contemporary argumentation theory is van Eemeren et al For an accessible introduction to the pragma-dialectic theory, see van Eemeren et al Tindale gives an overview of argumentation from a standpoint that blends rhetoric and philosophy.

Walton et al presents a model of argumentation based on classificatory Table y of concrete recommendations for conservation actors. This table is an open-ended list of concrete recommendations to address the four illegitimacy generating problems discussed in the article, for four categories of conservation actors: researchers, managers, experts and consultants, and the ://   Brian Leiter.

Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Essays on American Legal Realism and Naturalism in Legal Philosophy. Published: J Brian Leiter, Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Essays on American Legal Realism and Naturalism in Legal Philosophy, Oxford UP,pp., $ (pbk), ISBN Reviewed by Robin Bradley Kar, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign   Abstract.

This paper critically analyzes the concept of legitimacy as it applies to international criminal law. Using the referral of the situation in Darfur to the International Criminal Court (icc) – and the resultant disagreement between Sudan, the African Union, and the icc – as an entry point, it examines the discourse about the referral as a contest of ://?lang=en.

IMPLEMENTING EFFECTIVE ETHICS STANDARDS IN GOVERNMENT AND THE CIVIL SERVICE 3 It is now generally recognised that meaningful and enforceable Ethics codes, linked to systemic practices and procedures, based on legislation, and backed by management leadership and high-level political commitment, and ongoing 'professional ethics' training.

H.L.A. Hart, English philosopher, teacher, and author who was the foremost legal philosopher and one of the leading political philosophers of the 20th century.

Hart pursued his undergraduate education at the University of Oxford, and, after graduating inhe went on to qualify as a ://  Introduction This aim of this article is to defend the usage that Hans-Hermann Hoppe (; ) makes of performative contradiction for justifying the self-ownership axiom.

“Any person who would try to dispute the property right in his own body would become caught up in a contradiction, as arguing in this way and claiming his argument to be true, would already implicitly accept precisely ’s.

Nathan Nobis’ Animals & Ethics Thinking Critically About Animal Rights is not a standalone book that can be used as the primary text in an animal ethics course. It is best considered as an accompaniment to three of the major texts in the animal ethical :// /animals-ethicsthinking-critically-about-animal-rights.

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